Windsor is the southernmost city in Canada and is located in Southwestern Ontario at the western end of the heavily populated Quebec City–Windsor Corridor. It is within the Essex, Ontario Census division, although administratively separated from the county government. Separated by the Detroit River, Windsor is located south of Detroit, Michigan in the United States. Windsor is known as The City of Roses and residents are known as Windsorites.
Prior to European exploration and settlement, the Windsor area was inhabited by the First Nations and Native American people. Windsor was settled by the French in 1749 as an agricultural settlement. It is the oldest continually inhabited European settlement in Canada west of Montreal. The area was first named Petite Côte (“Little Coast” – as opposed to the longer coastline on the Detroit side of the river). Later it was called La Côte de Misère (“Poverty Coast”) because of the sandy soils near LaSalle.
Windsor’s French Canadian heritage is reflected in many French street names, such as Ouellette, Pelissier, François, Pierre, Langlois, Marentette, and Lauzon. The current street system of Windsor (a grid with elongated blocks) reflects the Canadien method of agricultural land division, where the farms were long and narrow, fronting along the river. Today, the north-south street name often indicates the name of the family that at one time farmed the land. The street system of outlying areas is consistent with the British system for granting land concessions. There is a significant French-speaking minority in Windsor and the surrounding area, particularly in the Lakeshore, Tecumseh and LaSalle areas.
In 1794, after the American Revolution, the settlement of “Sandwich” was founded. It was later renamed to Windsor, after the town in Berkshire, England. The Sandwich neighbourhood on Windsor’s west side is home to some of the oldest buildings in the city, including Mackenzie Hall, originally built as the Essex County Courthouse in 1855. Today, this building functions as a community centre. The oldest building in the city is the Duff-Baby House built in 1792. It is owned by Ontario Heritage Trust and houses government offices. The François Baby House in downtown Windsor was built in 1812 and houses Windsor’s Community Museum, dedicated to local history.
Windsor was established as a village in 1854 (the same year the village was connected to the rest of Canada by the Grand Trunk Railway/Canadian National Railway), then became a town in 1858, and ultimately gained city status in 1892.
A fire consumed much of Windsor’s downtown core on October 12, 1871, destroying over 100 buildings.
On October 25, 1960, a massive gas explosion destroyed the building housing the Metropolitan Store on Ouellette Avenue. Ten people were killed and at least one hundred injured. The 45th anniversary of the event was commemorated by the Windsor Star on October 25, 2005. It was featured on History Television‘s Disasters of the Century.
The Windsor Star Centennial Edition in 1992 covered the city’s past, its success as a railway centre, and its contributions to World War I and World War II. It also recalled the naming controversy in 1892 when the town of Windsor aimed to become a city. The most popular names listed in the naming controversy were “South Detroit”, “The Ferry” (from the ferries that linked Windsor to Detroit), Windsor, and Richmond (the runner-up in popularity). Windsor was chosen to promote the heritage of new English settlers in the city and to recognize Windsor Castle in Berkshire, England. However, Richmond was a popular name used until the Second World War, mainly by the local post office.
Sandwich, Ford City and Walkerville were separate legal entities (towns) in their own right until 1935. They are now historic neighbourhoods of Windsor. Ford City was officially incorporated as a village in 1912; it became a town in 1915, and a city in 1929. Walkerville was incorporated as a town in 1890. Sandwich was established in 1817 as a town with no municipal status. It was incorporated as a town in 1858 (the same year as neighbouring Windsor).
These three towns were each annexed by Windsor in 1935. The nearby villages of Ojibway and Riverside were incorporated in 1913 and 1921 respectively. Both were annexed by Windsor in 1966. Windsor was also a very popular Rum-Running Port during the 1920s as Detroit was “dry” at the time. Rum-running in Windsor was a very common practice and it was estimated that 25% of Windsors population participated in some way.
Nepalese man, 72, seeking title as world’s shortest man
KATMANDU, NEPAL — He has never worked outside the home or seen a doctor, and until Wednesday, he had never left his remote mountain village in western Nepal. So 72-year-old Chandra Bahadur Dangi only recently learned he might be the world’s shortest man.
Dangi says he’s only 22 inches (56 centimetres) tall — about the size of a toddler — and he’s hoping to claim the title. Guinness World Records said in an email Wednesday that its officials would arrive in Nepal’s capital Sunday to measure Dangi.
Dangi took his first trip outside his village and his first trip on a plane to reach Kathmandu on Wednesday.
“I am very happy to be in Kathmandu for the first time in my life. I am here so I can take the Guinness title,” Dangi told reporters at the airport.
Dangi, who has never been married, lives with his eldest brother and his family in Rhimkholi village, about 400 kilometres west of Kathmandu. Because of his height, he has never worked outside the house, doing only household chores. His five brothers are of average size.
His family is not sure when he stopped growing, and Dangi said he has never been checked by a medical doctor. He attended a few classes in the village school, but soon dropped out.
Dangi eats mainly rice and vegetables, and occasionally meat, but in small portions.
Since the village is so remote, it was only recently that Dangi gained notice. A forest contractor cutting timber in the village met him and informed local media after Dangi’s height was measured.
Dangi’s nephew, Dolak Dangi, said that before the contractor’s visit, the family did not know his uncle’s exact height, and that he was shorter than the world’s shortest man.
Guinness currently recognizes Junrey Balawing of the Philippines, who is 23.5 inches (60 centimetres) tall.
Another Nepalese man, Khagendra Thapa Magar, was known as the world’s shortest man, at 26.4 inches (67 centimetres), before Balawing took over the title on his 18th birthday in June.
In December, Guinness recognized an Indian teenager as the world’s shortest woman. Jyoti Amge is 24.7 inches (62.8 centimetres) tall and wants to attend university and become a Bollywood star.
Aside from a Guinness certificate, the titles do not come with any cash award.
कोलावरी डी नेपाली भर्सनमा !
मेरोसिनेमा, काठमाडौं २३ माघ,
चर्चित दक्षिण भारतीय सिनेमाको गीत ‘कोलाभरी डी’लाई नेपाली भर्सनमा गाइएको छ । बलिउड अभिनेत्री उदिता गोस्वामीले दक्षिण भारतका धनुषले गाएको गीतलाई आफ्नै स्वरमा नेपाली र अँग्रेजीमा गाएकी छिन् । गएराती युट्युवमा सेयर गरिएको यो गीत निकै हिट बनिरहेको छ । तामिल सिनेमा ‘थ्री’को यो गीतलाई उदिताले नेपालीमा किन अनुवाद गरिन्, खोजीको विषय बनेको छ ।
नेपालमा समेत कोलाभरीको फिभर बढिरहँदा उदिताको यो गीतले झनै नेपाली बजार पिट्न अनुमान गरिएको छ । मेल भ्वाइसमा धनुषले गाएको गीतको भावार्थलाई उदिताले नेपाङ्ग्रेजी शब्द दिएकी छिन् । युट्युवमा सेयर गरिएपछि यो गीतलाई धेरै रुचाएका छन् । समिक्षकहरू मिनिङलेस गीत कोलाभरी डीले विश्व संगीतको पुनव्र्याख्य गरेको बताउँछन् । रजनीकान्तका ज्वाईँ समेत रहेका धनुषले कोलाभरी प्रेममा पागल भएको व्यक्तिले गाउने गीत भनेर भनेका थिए । लेट्स इन्जोय !